Underrated Female Composers (2024)


For centuries, classical music has been dominated by the works of male composers. Understanding the lack of recognition for female composers is essential in acknowledging the significant impact they have made in the classical music landscape. By celebrating female composers during Women’s History Month and beyond, we can shed light on their invaluable contributions and pave the way for gender equality in the music industry.

Underrated Female Composers Throughout Music History

Clara Schumann: A Pioneer in Classical Music

Clara Schumann, a prominent figure in the Romantic era, left a profound legacy in music composition and performance. Despite facing numerous challenges, she made substantial contributions to the development of piano music, showcasing her prowess as both a composer and pianist. Her enduring influence continues to resonate through her captivating compositions and her inspirational journey in overcoming societal barriers.

Born in Germany in 1819, Clara Schumann began playing the piano at a young age and quickly established herself as a prodigious talent. Under the guidance of her father, she received a comprehensive education in music and was introduced to some of the leading composers of the time, including Ludwig van Beethoven and Frédéric Chopin. By the age of 11, she was already touring and performing across Europe, gaining admirers and acclaim for her virtuoso skills on the piano.

As a composer, Clara Schumann produced a wide range of works, including solo piano pieces, chamber music, and songs. Her compositions exemplify the Romantic style with their emotive melodies and expressive harmonies. Her music also reflects her own experiences and emotions, providing a glimpse into her innermost thoughts and struggles.

In addition to her musical talents, Clara Schumann’s personal life was marked by triumphs and tragedies. Her marriage to composer Robert Schumann, which flourished creatively, also brought challenges as she balanced her own career with supporting her husband through his mental health struggles. Despite these obstacles, Clara Schumann remained dedicated to her craft, earning recognition as one of the foremost pianists of her time.

Her dedication to music, despite the societal expectations placed on women, serves as an inspiration to aspiring artists and musicians. Through her perseverance and talent, she shattered gender stereotypes and paved the way for future generations of female composers and pianists.

Clara Schumann’s legacy lives on not only through her music but also through the impact she had on the Romantic era and the role she played in advancing the status of female musicians. As a pioneer in her field, she continues to be celebrated for her remarkable achievements and enduring influence on the world of classical music. 

Fanny Mendelssohn: Breaking Barriers in Music Composition

Fanny Mendelssohn’s musical prowess extended far beyond her brother’s shadow. Her contribution to the development of piano trio as a genre showcases her unparalleled talent and innovation. By rediscovering Fanny Mendelssohn’s legacy in music history, we can truly recognize her lasting impact and the barriers she broke as a female composer.

She also used the pseudonym Fanny Hensel, was a prolific composer in her own right and a key figure in the Romantic era of music. Despite facing societal pressures and limitations due to her gender, she defied expectations and pursued her passion for music with determination and brilliance.

One of her most notable contributions to music is her groundbreaking work in the piano trio genre. She composed over 20 piano trios, a significant body of work that showcases her innovative and emotive style. Her compositions were deeply expressive and displayed a level of technical virtuosity that was ahead of its time.

Furthermore, Fanny’s piano trios were instrumental in pushing the boundaries of the genre and expanding its scope. She experimented with innovative harmonic progressions, intricate melodies, and rich textures, cementing her legacy as a pioneering force in the development of piano trio music.

Despite her undeniable talent and influence, Fanny Mendelssohn’s contributions to music history have often been overshadowed by the achievements of her younger brother, Felix Mendelssohn. However, in recent years, there has been a renewed focus on recognizing Fanny’s impact on music and elevating her rightful place in the canon of classical composers.

By shining a spotlight on Fanny Mendelssohn’s legacy, we not only honor her remarkable talent and contributions to music but also acknowledge the systemic barriers she faced as a female composer. Her perseverance and creativity continue to inspire and pave the way for future generations of women in music.

Fanny Mendelssohn’s work in the piano trio genre is a testament to her unparalleled talent, innovation, and enduring impact on music history. By celebrating her legacy, we can ensure that her remarkable achievements are rightfully acknowledged and appreciated. 

Hildegard von Bingen: Shaping Medieval Music

Hildegard von Bingen was a visionary composer and mystic whose influence extended to both religious and musical realms. Her songs without words and profound compositions have left an indelible mark on medieval music, solidifying her position as a pioneering figure in classical and romantic eras. Exploring her musical legacy allows us to appreciate the rich tapestry of women composers’ works in history.

Hildegard von Bingen was born in 1098 in present-day Germany and joined a Benedictine monastery at a young age. She experienced mystical visions from a young age, which inspired her to compose music that she believed was divinely inspired. She wrote numerous sacred songs, hymns, and liturgical dramas, which were performed and revered during her lifetime.

Her compositions were characterized by their haunting melodies and modal harmonies. She also pioneered the use of plainchant and wrote some of the earliest examples of polyphonic music. Her works were widely celebrated and admired during her lifetime and continue to be performed and recorded to this day.

In addition to her musical contributions, Hildegard von Bingen was also a prolific writer, philosopher, and healer. She wrote extensively on theology, natural science, and medicine, and her holistic approach to healing and well-being was well ahead of her time.

Hildegard von Bingen’s influence in both the religious and musical spheres cannot be overstated. Her compositions continue to inspire and move audiences, and her legacy as a visionary composer and mystic endures. By honoring and exploring her musical legacy, we can gain a greater appreciation for the contributions of women composers throughout history and ensure that their voices are not forgotten. 

Louise Farrenc: A Forgotten Composer and Conductor

Louise Farrenc’s remarkable contributions to classical music deserve to be rediscovered. As a female composer and conductor, she challenged gender stereotypes and highlighted gender equality through her musical endeavors. By recognizing her impact and bringing her works to the forefront, we can honor her enduring legacy and ensure her rightful place in music history.

Farrenc was a highly talented composer who was recognized in her lifetime for her impressive musical talents. As the only female professor at the Paris Conservatory during the 19th century, she fought against discrimination and worked tirelessly to establish herself in the male-dominated music industry. Her compositions, including symphonies, chamber music, and piano works, showcase her exceptional skill and creativity.

In addition to her compositions, Farrenc was also an accomplished pianist and conductor, breaking barriers and proving that women could excel in all areas of music. She was a trailblazer who paved the way for future generations of female musicians and composers.

Despite her achievements, Farrenc’s music has unfortunately been overlooked in the history of classical music. It is essential to shed light on her contributions and elevate her work to the prominence it deserves. By performing and recording her compositions, music enthusiasts can ensure that her legacy lives on and that she receives the recognition she is due.

Furthermore, by promoting Farrenc’s music, we can inspire more women to pursue careers in music and continue to challenge gender stereotypes in the industry. Her story serves as a reminder of the importance of diversity and inclusion in the arts and the need to celebrate the achievements of talented individuals regardless of their gender.

Louise Farrenc’s impact on classical music is undeniable, and it is essential to bring her works back into the spotlight. By doing so, we can pay tribute to her pioneering spirit and ensure that she is remembered as a trailblazer in the history of music. Her music deserves to be celebrated and enjoyed for generations to come. 

Amy Beach: Pioneering Women Composers in America

Amy Beach’s journey as an American composer paved the way for future generations. Her impact on American classical music and opera is undeniable, showcasing her ability to empower and inspire through her enduring influence. By acknowledging the contributions of composers like Amy Beach, we can shine a light on the talent and resilience of women performers in classical music.

Born in 1867, Amy Beach was a pioneer in American classical music, breaking barriers as a composer and pianist in a male-dominated field. Despite societal expectations for women at the time, Beach pursued her passion for music and became one of the first American women to achieve international recognition as a composer.

Her works were groundbreaking, blending European romantic influences with American folk melodies to create a unique and distinctly American sound. Beach’s compositions, including her Gaelic Symphony and Piano Concerto, received critical acclaim and solidified her reputation as a leading figure in American classical music.

In addition to her contributions as a composer, Beach also played a role in advocating for women in music. She was a founding member of the Society of American Women Composers and used her platform to support and promote the work of fellow female composers.

Beach’s impact extended beyond her own lifetime, as her legacy continues to inspire women in classical music today. By recognizing Beach’s achievements, we honor the trailblazers who have paved the way for future generations of women in music.

Amy Beach’s journey as an American composer serves as a testament to the resilience, talent, and determination of women in classical music. Her enduring influence has left an indelible mark on American classical music and opera, and her legacy continues to empower and inspire aspiring musicians. By acknowledging Beach’s contributions, we celebrate the ongoing pursuit of gender equality and recognition in the world of classical music. 

Underrated Female Composers
Underrated Female Composers

Ethel Smyth: Paving the Way for Women Conductors

Ethel Smyth’s persistence in overcoming gender barriers in music and her enduring legacy as a composer and conductor serve as an inspiration for aspiring women musicians and composers. By recognizing her indelible mark on the classical music landscape, we can continue to inspire change and champion the contributions of talented composers often overlooked.

Smyth was a woman ahead of her time. Despite facing numerous obstacles and discrimination as a female composer and conductor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, she persevered and created a body of work that continues to inspire and resonate with audiences today.

Smyth’s determination to pursue a career in music in a male-dominated field serves as a testament to her resilience and passion for her art. She refused to be defined by the limitations placed upon her as a woman and instead forged her own path, breaking down barriers and paving the way for future generations of women in music.

Her compositions, including operas, orchestral works, and chamber music, reflect a depth of emotion and originality that sets her apart as a truly gifted composer. Her conducting career was equally impressive, as she led orchestras across Europe with confidence and skill, earning the respect of her peers and audiences alike.

Smyth’s enduring legacy as a trailblazer for women in music is a source of inspiration for aspiring composers and musicians today. Her story serves as a reminder that talent knows no gender, and that dedication and perseverance can lead to a lasting impact on the world of classical music.

By acknowledging Ethel Smyth’s contributions and celebrating her achievements, we can continue to challenge the status quo and advocate for greater recognition and opportunities for women in music. Her example reminds us that through dedication, passion, and resilience, barriers can be overcome and lasting change can be achieved. As we continue to champion Smyth’s legacy, we honor her pioneering spirit and ensure that her impact on classical music is never forgotten. 


As we celebrate and recognize the works of these incredible female composers, it’s imperative to acknowledge the enduring impact they have made in classical music. Through their compositions, performances, and trailblazing efforts, they have defied societal norms and enriched the classical music repertoire. It is time to shed light on the often lesser-known works by female composers and ensure that their voices continue to resonate in the world of classical music.

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Breve Music Studios publishes music for Breve Orchestra, Breve Low Brass Ensemble, Breve Music Ensemble, and Breve Woodwind Ensemble.
Breve Music Studios publishes music for Breve Orchestra, Breve Low Brass Ensemble, Breve Music Ensemble, and Breve Woodwind Ensemble.